Being one of the most nutritious fruits, papaya will worth planting and caring. Papaya fruit is a super food that provides a lot of vitamins and nutrients. It contains vitamin C and E which are excellent for immunities and stress. In addition, papaya is a good fruit for healing arthritis. Papaya will be a companion for the best skin care since it reduces the signs of ageing. Even, the fruit can help reducing menstrual pain. Most popular benefit of papaya is to improve digestion. Therefore, growing papaya will worth the patience.
Growing papaya is relatively easy because the plant is typically strong and easy to care. What we need know before taking care of the plant is to get the complete information of the plant characteristics. Papaya is an exotic plant that will produce fruits every year. It will grow well at the USDA zones of 9 to 10. The plants will thus grow fast and well in the regions of tropical and subtropical countries. For those who live in the regions, growing papaya will be relatively easy and natural.
Papaya trees are native to central America. Today, we can find papaya tress all over the world. However, the best papaya fruits now originated from Asian countries, especially South East Asia. Papaya is included in perennial plant which has a short living duration. It grows one trunk that reaches 30 feet when mature. Papaya is a rich in benefits. In some countries, papaya fruits are harvested raw to process for many dishes. Even, the leaves are taken to cook some dishes. With the right cooking methods, papaya leaves taste really delicious.
Papaya plants are divided into three types. We need to get informed with the types of papaya trees that we are growing. There are female plants, male plants, and bisexual plants. We have to make sure that we are planting female or bisexual plants since only ones can grow fruits. We also need to know that papaya has various species and fruit types. Some papayas can grow big fruits with large oblong shape. Some only produce small or medium fruits.
The flesh colors are also different. Some types of papaya fruits have bright red flesh. Meanwhile, some other looks pale with orange color. In addition, some papayas produce extremely watery flesh yet some others are not so watery. The sweetness and taste can be different as well. Before planting papaya, we need to know the best types of papaya that can produce tasty fruits.
Growing Papaya from Seeds
Starting from the seeds is not that complicated. Papaya is easy to grow even if we have to start from the seeds. It is easy and even most successful way of getting started to grow papaya from the seeds. Besides, it is the cheapest to use the seeds since we can take out them from the papaya that we get from the farmer’s market. Yet, we need to do it properly so we can keep the trees healthy until the harvest time.
Here is the easiest way to grow papaya from seeds and take care of it for producing a good supply of papaya fruits. We need to buy the best papaya in the market to make sure that we are growing high-quality papaya. When cutting the fruit in half, we can directly scrape out the seeds. We have to clean and dry them before planting. That is correct procedure but we can actually plant them without cleaning.
You can also grow papaya without the seeds, which is by grafting the papaya
Planting Papaya Tree
We need to pick a sunny part of our garden. It is recommended that we plant the seeds directly in a garden since the tree grows fast. To start in pots will not be efficient because papaya does not transplant well. When the roots are disturbed, the trees will not grow healthily. The tree requires good soil, rich nutrients, and organic fertilizer. If the soil is not fertile enough, dig a hole and fill it compost. If you are planning to grow many trees, you need to prepare planting beds with proper distance and position. If the soil is not fertile, dig a hole and fill it with a mix of good compost.
Sprinkle some seeds and cover them with composts. The seeds require a couple of weeks to spring. For some regions, the process may be longer. Soon, we need to observe the seedlings to find only the best and vigor papaya trees. While observing the strong trees, we also need to make sure that we keep more female or bisexual plants. The trees will go strong and when it reaches one meter tall, it starts flowering. A healthy and vigor papaya trees will produce fruits within 10 months.
Growing and Caring Tips for Papayas
In warm weather, papaya trees will evaporate a lot of water because of its large leaves. Therefore, we have to water the trees with sufficient amount of water. However, we have to be very careful if we are growing papaya trees in cool weather regions. Overwatering papaya trees will rot the root so we need to measure the water quantity well. Besides water, the trees also need a lot of fertilizer. Papayas like nitrogen and thus to use nitrogen regularly is recommended. Complete fertilizer is good but we can use generous compost for a better soil quality.
Papaya trees are typically short-lived plants but with some caring and cutting, the trees will stay and survive. We can cut the trees and if the they are healthy; the trunk will grow up once more and produce more fruits. It is good to cut the trunk for making the trees reachable. This is so because the harvest time will be hard when the trees are too tall.
People love papayas and so do animals. Birds, possums, and bats will attack nearly ripen papayas. Therefore, we have to harvest the fruits as soon as we see some orange colors or changing colors. The fruits will be ripening better when we keep it in a warm container or paper bags. That way, the fruits will be safe. Those who like enjoying a not so watery papaya, to take the fruits early is a good idea.
Growing Papaya In Cooler Climates
Growing papaya in a cooler place requires a better caring. In a cool region, soil is usually fertile. Therefore, we have to get prepared the beds with some initial efforts. Besides, the sun will not be that strong in cool regions. So, we might need to wait longer. In addition, we have to measure the water. It is true that papaya trees like water. The trees are always thirsty. However, when the climate is cool, we need to be sure that the water is not too much. The roots will be rotten as we give too much water in the areas with cold temperature.
Growing papaya will be a healthy gardening since we will get some exercise when doing it. We will need to take a good care of the trees with patience which is good for our personalities. When the fruits are ready to consume, our families can get the beneficial nutrients right from our own garden. It will be relaxing and healthy at the same time to start growing papaya.